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CRS: Totals & Trends in War Spending post-9/11
$700 Bil Appropriated for Iraq, Afghanistan, Terror Wars since 2001
07/01/2008 12:24 PM ET

Here's the summary of the CRS Report to Congress, "The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11," released last week:

With enactment of the FY2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act (H.R. 2764/P.L. 110-161) on December 26, 2007, Congress has approved a total of about $700 billion for military operations, base security, reconstruction, foreign aid, embassy costs, and veterans’ health care for the three operations initiated since the 9/11 attacks: Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) Afghanistan and other counter terror operations; Operation Noble Eagle (ONE), providing enhanced security at military bases; and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF).

This $700 billion total covers all war-related appropriations from FY2001 through part of FY2008 in supplementals, regular appropriations, and continuing resolutions. Of that total, CRS estimates that Iraq will receive about $524 billion (75%), OEF about $141 billion (20%), and enhanced base security about $28 billion (4%), with about $5 billion that CRS cannot allocate (1%). About 94% of the funds are for DOD, 6% for foreign aid programs and embassy operations, and less than 1% for medical care for veterans. As of April 2008, DOD’s monthly obligations for contracts and pay averaged about $12.1 billion, including $9.8 billion for Iraq, and $2.3 billion for Afghanistan.

The Administration has requested $193 billion for war-related activities in DOD, State/USAID, and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical programs for FY2008 and $69 billion for FY2009 war funding. Last December, Congress provided $90.3 billion and is now considering an additional $104.7 billion for FY2008 as well as the FY2009 bridge request.

On June 19, the House passed a new version of H.R. 2642, the FY2008 Supplemental, which is expected to be considered by the Senate next week. That bill includes $163 billion for both FY2008 and FY2009, about $10 billion less than the emergency request. If enacted, CRS estimates that war funding would total $857 billion, including $656 billion for Iraq, $173 billion for Afghanistan, and $29 billion for enhanced security.

On June 4, 2008, the House and Senate appropriations committees approved part of a DOD request to transfer funds, mostly to the Army, to cover costs until early July 2008 when the supplemental’s passage is expected. CRS estimates that DOD could, if necessary, extend financing of operating accounts until early August using current transfer authorities and if Congress approves. The $70 billion bridge request for FY2009 is expected to last until July 2009, well into the new Administration.

In February 2008, the Congressional Budget Office projected that additional war costs from FY2009 through FY2018 could range from $440 billion, if troop levels fell to 30,000 by 2010, to $1.0 trillion, if troop levels fell to 75,000 by about 2013. Under these scenarios, CBO projects that funding for Iraq, Afghanistan and the GWOT could reach from about $1.1 trillion to about $1.7 trillion for FY2001- FY2018. This report will be updated as warranted.

Read the full 64-page report here: RL33110.pdf

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