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StateSide:Policy
Archive: December 2008
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US Commission on Religious Freedom Says Iraqi Religous Groups Under Threat
12/17/2008 7:06 PM ET
Christian mosaics in Irbil.
USCIRF.
Christian mosaics in Irbil.

Here's the executive summary of the newly released report by the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, which expresses grave concern over the future of Iraq's religious minorities:

In view of the ongoing severe abuses of religious freedom and based on the Iraqi government's toleration of these abuses as described in this report, particularly abuses against all of Iraq's most vulnerable and smallest religious minorities, the Commission recommends that Iraq should be designated a "country of particular concern" (CPC) under the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA).

Although there has been a substantial reduction in violence in Iraq since the Commission reported last in May 2007, there has been continued targeted violence, as well as threats and intimidation against persons belonging to religious minorities, and other egregious religiously-motivated abuses are continuing and widespread. The lack of effective government action to protect these communities from abuses has established Iraq among the most dangerous places on earth for religious minorities. While there has been some reconciliation between Shi'a and Sunni Iraqis, there are still concerns regarding attacks and tense relations between these groups. Moreover, the situation is particularly dire for Iraq's smallest religious minorities, including ChaldoAssyrian Christians, other Christians, Sabean Mandaeans, and Yazidis. These groups do not have militia or tribal structures to protect them and do not receive adequate official protection. Their members continue to experience targeted violence and to flee to other areas within Iraq or other countries, where the aforementioned minorities represent a disproportionately high percentage among Iraqi refugees. These communities report that their numbers in Iraq have substantially diminished, and that their members who have left the country have not to date showed signs of returning in significant numbers. Legally, politically, and economically marginalized, these small minorities are caught in the middle of a struggle between the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the central Iraqi government for control of northern areas where their communities are concentrated. The combined effect of all of this has been to endanger these ancient communities' very existence in Iraq. The Commission unanimously recommends that the U.S. government should take a number of specific steps described on pages 32 - 39 of this report, that are designed to ensure:

  • safe and fair provincial elections,

  • security and safety for all Iraqis,

  • the prevention of abuses against religious minorities is a high priority,

  • the KRG upholds minority rights,

  • U.S. financial assistance is refocused,

  • religious extremism is countered and respect for human rights is promoted, and

  • the situation of internally displaced persons and refugees is effectively addressed.

Download the full PDF report here:USCIRFindex21208.pdf ,or scroll through the document below. The report can also be accessed from the USCIRF website.

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Think Tank's New Analysis of War Budgeting since 2001
12/15/2008 8:23 PM ET

Here's an excerpt from the executive summary of a new report released by the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, entitled "Cost of the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan,and Other Military Operations Through 2008 and Beyond."

Since 2001, the US government and the American taxpayer have provided about $904 billion . . . for military operations, including $66 billion to cover war-related costs for the first part of 2009. Moreover, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan appear to be far from over. A set of illustrative scenarios developed by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) suggest that the direct budgetary costs of these military operations could amount to an additional $416–817 billion through 2018—assuming the number of US troops involved in the two conflicts is reduced from today’s level of about 200,000 to some 30,000–75,000 over the next several years. This would bring the direct budgetary costs of these wars to a total of some $1.3–1.7 trillion.

Scroll through the document below, or download the PDF file here: R.20081215.Cost_of_the_Wars_i.pdf

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